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Food and Fermentation Industries    2022, Vol. 48 Issue (20) : 196-203     DOI: 10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.029001
Study on the mechanism of inhibiting chilling injury of cucumber during low temperature storage by foam box packaging
XIAO Xu1,2,3, HE Xiaomei1,2,3, ZHANG Siyuan1,2,3, JIA Jiayi1,2,3, YIN Jiewen1,2,3, ZHANG Min1,2,3*
1(College of Food Science, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
2(Food Storage and Logistics Research Center of Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
3(Laboratory of Quality Safety Risk Assessment for Argo-products on Storage and Preservation(Chongqing), Ministry of Agriculture, Chongqing 400715, China)
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Abstract  To explore the mechanism of foam box packaging inhibiting the chilling injury of cucumber during refrigeration, the unpacked 4 ℃ storage group (control group), the unpacked simulation foam box temperature and humidity storage group (simulation group), and the 4 ℃ storage group after foam box packaging (foam box group) were used to study the effects of foam box gradually cooling and gas microenvironment on the chilling injury. Results showed that compared with the control group, both the simulation group and the foam box group could inhibit chilling injury index and superoxide anion (·O-2) production rate. They also reduced the respiration rate, relative electrical conductivity and malondialdehyde (MDA) and maintained the high hardness of cucumber by gradually cooling. At the same time, the contents of total phenols and anthocyanins were increased, and the activities of antioxidant enzymes such as catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were enhanced to improve the cold resistance of cucumber and inhibit the generation of chilling injury. The effect of the foam box group is better than that of the simulation group. In addition, gradual cooling plays a greater role than controlling the gas microenvironment from the perspective of the cooling damage inhibition effect.
Keywords cucumber      foam box      storage      chilling injury      gradual cooling     
Issue Date: 18 November 2022
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