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食品与发酵工业  2018, Vol. 44 Issue (9): 196-203    DOI: 10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.016520
  生产与科研经验 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
乙醇熏蒸对双孢蘑菇的护色作用
靳苗苗, 李云云, 张洪翠, 张敏*
西南大学 食品科学学院,农业部农产品贮藏保鲜质量安全风险评估实验室(重庆), 重庆市特色食品工程技术研究中心,重庆,400715
Effects of ethanol fumigation on color-protecting of Agaricus bisporus
JIN Miao-miao, LI Yun-yun, ZHANG Hong-cui, ZHANG Min*
College of Food Science, Southwest University, Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risk Assessment for Argo-products on Storage and Preservation(Chongqing), Mimnistry of Agriculture, Chongqing Special Food Programme and Technology Research Center, Chongqing 400715, China
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摘要 研究400 μL/L乙醇熏蒸处理对双孢蘑菇的护色作用。结果表明,400 μL/L乙醇熏蒸处理能有效降低双孢蘑菇呼吸强度、超氧阴离子产生速率和相对电导率,抑制多酚氧化酶(Polyphenol oxidase,PPO)、过氧化物酶(Peroxidase,POD)、苯丙氨酸解氨酶(Phenylalamine ammonia-lyase,PAL)的活性并降低总酚含量,从而抑制双孢蘑菇酶促褐变;同时,能降低双孢蘑菇还原糖、游离氨基酸含量,抑制羰氨反应引起的非酶促褐变。由此可知,400 μL/L乙醇熏蒸处理能有效延缓贮藏期间双孢蘑菇的色泽变化。
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靳苗苗
李云云
张洪翠
张敏
关键词:  双孢蘑菇  乙醇熏蒸  酶促褐变  非酶促褐变    
Abstract: The effect of 400 μL/L ethanol fumigation on color-protecting of postharvest Agaricus bisporus was studied. The results showed that 400 μL/L ethanol fumigation treatment could effectively reduce the respiration rate, superoxide radical production rate and relative conductivity, and inhibit the activities of polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and reduce the total phenol content. At the same time, it could effectively reduce reducing sugar content and free amino acid content. Therefore, it inhibit non-enzymatic browning caused by carbonyl ammonia reaction. The 400 μL/L ethanol fumigation treatment could effectively delay the color change of Agaricus bisporus during storage.
Key words:  Agaricus bisporus    ethanol fumigation    enzymatic browning    non-enzymatic browning
收稿日期:  2017-12-15                出版日期:  2018-09-25      发布日期:  2018-10-30      期的出版日期:  2018-09-25
基金资助: 重庆市科委社会事业与民生保障科技创新专项(cstc2015 shms-ztzx80010)
作者简介:  硕士研究生(张敏副教授为通讯作者,E-mail:zmqx123@163.com)。
引用本文:    
靳苗苗,李云云,张洪翠,等. 乙醇熏蒸对双孢蘑菇的护色作用[J]. 食品与发酵工业, 2018, 44(9): 196-203.
JIN Miao-miao,LI Yun-yun,ZHANG Hong-cui,et al. Effects of ethanol fumigation on color-protecting of Agaricus bisporus[J]. Food and Fermentation Industries, 2018, 44(9): 196-203.
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http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.016520  或          http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/Y2018/V44/I9/196
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