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食品与发酵工业  2020, Vol. 46 Issue (23): 162-168    DOI: 10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.024429
  生产与科研应用 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
不同品种猕猴桃果实品质比较与综合评价
李跃红1,2, 冉茂乾1,2, 徐孟怀1,2, 陈露1,2, 游元丁1,2, 赵阳1,2, 焦彦朝2*
1(六盘水市山地特色生态产品研究中心,贵州 六盘水,553000);
2(贵阳海关综合技术中心果蔬检测重点实验室(六盘水),贵州 六盘水,553000)
Comparison and comprehensive evaluation of fruit quality of different varieties of kiwifruit
LI Yuehong1,2, RAN Maoqian1,2, XU Menghuai1,2, CHEN Lu1,2, YOU Yuanding1,2, ZHAO Yang1,2, JIAO Yanchao2*
1(Mountain-featured Ecological Product Research Center of Liupanshui,Liupanshui 553000,China);
2(Key Inspection Laboratory of Fruit and Vegetable Products of Comprehensive Technical Center of Guiyang Customs (Liupanshui),Liupanshui 553000,China)
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摘要 为科学评价贵州省六盘水市猕猴桃果实品质,建立猕猴桃品质综合评价模型,以六盘水不同品种猕猴桃为试材,采用国标和农业标准对猕猴桃的外观品质和内在品质指标进行测定和比较,同时对品质指标进行聚类分析,并运用主成分分析法对其品质进行综合评价。结果表明,不同品种猕猴桃品质指标存在差异性和相关性,其中Fe差异最大,纵径差异最小。主成分分析表明,猕猴桃14个品质指标简化为3个主成分,累积方差贡献率为95.890%,可代表猕猴桃果实品质95.890%的信息量。根据聚类分析,14项猕猴桃品质指标可划分为4类,结合相关性和主成分分析结果,确定了糖酸比、可溶性固形物含量、Vc含量和Fe四项核心品质指标,可用来衡量猕猴桃品质的优劣。综合评价结果显示:红阳和东红品质较好,适合作为鲜食品种栽培;翠香和徐香品质较差,适合作为加工品种栽培。
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李跃红
冉茂乾
徐孟怀
陈露
游元丁
赵阳
焦彦朝
关键词:  猕猴桃  果实品质  主成分分析  聚类分析  综合评价    
Abstract: In order to scientifically evaluate the fruit quality of kiwifruit from Liupanshui city in Guizhou and establish the quality comprehensive evaluation model,different varieties of kiwifruit from Liupanshui were used as experimental materials,the appearance quality and nutrient component of different kinds of kiwifruit were measured and compared by Chinese standard method and agricultural standard method.The quality indexes were analyzed by cluster analysis and the principal component analysis was applied to evaluate the fruit quality of kiwifruit.The results showed that the quality indexes of different varieties of kiwifruit were different and correlated.The difference of Fe was largest and the difference of longitudinal diameter was smallest.The principal component analysis showed that three principal components represented the 14 quality indexes of different varieties of kiwifruit,and their cumulative variance contribution rate was up to 95.890%,making 95.890% cumulative contribution to the total information.According to the cluster analysis,the 14 quality indexes can be divided into four categories.Four quality indicators including sugar-acid ratio,TSS,vitamin C and Fe were screened out by using correlation analysis and principal component analysis as the core indicators to comprehensively evaluate the fruit quality of kiwifruit.The comprehensive evaluation results showed that Hongyang and Donghong were of good quality and suitable for cultivation as fresh food varieties,while Cuixiang and Xuxiang were of poor quality and suitable for cultivation as processing varieties.
Key words:  kiwifruit    fruit quality    principal component analysis    cluster analysis    comprehensive evaluation
收稿日期:  2020-05-11      修回日期:  2020-06-17           出版日期:  2020-12-15      发布日期:  2020-12-30      期的出版日期:  2020-12-15
基金资助: 海关总署科研计划项目(2018IK053)
作者简介:  硕士,助理工程师(焦彦朝研究员为通讯作者,E-mail:yunhe32785430@163.com)
引用本文:    
李跃红,冉茂乾,徐孟怀,等. 不同品种猕猴桃果实品质比较与综合评价[J]. 食品与发酵工业, 2020, 46(23): 162-168.
LI Yuehong,RAN Maoqian,XU Menghuai,et al. Comparison and comprehensive evaluation of fruit quality of different varieties of kiwifruit[J]. Food and Fermentation Industries, 2020, 46(23): 162-168.
链接本文:  
http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.024429  或          http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/Y2020/V46/I23/162
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