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食品与发酵工业  2021, Vol. 47 Issue (9): 32-41    DOI: 10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.026734
  研究报告 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
金柑果实主要次生代谢产物含量及差异分析
郭鹏妹1, 秦艳1, 赵希娟1,2,3,4*, 焦必宁1,2,3*
1(西南大学/中国农业科学院 柑桔研究所),重庆,400712)
2(农业农村部柑桔产品质量安全风险评估实验室(重庆),重庆,400712)
3(农业农村部柑桔及苗木质量监督检验测试中心,重庆,400712)
4(西南大学 园艺园林学院,重庆,400715)
Research on the contents and difference of the main secondary metabolites in different kumquat fruits
GUO Pengmei1, QIN Yan1, ZHAO Xijuan1,2,3,4*, JIAO Bining1,2,3*
1(Citrus Research Institute,Southwest University & Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Chongqing 400712,China)
2(Risk Evaluation Laboratory for Quality & Safety of Citrus Products (Chongqing),Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Chongqing 400712,China)
3(Supervision & Inspection & Testing Center for Quality of Citrus Fruits & Nursery Trees,Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs,Chongqing 400712,China)
4(College of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715,China)
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摘要 基于超高效液相色谱串联三重四极杆质谱法(ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem triple quaternary mass spectrometry,UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS)对6种金柑果实中66种次生代谢产物的含量进行测定,通过统计、聚类分析等方法对6种金柑中类黄酮、酚酸、类柠檬苦素、生物碱和香豆素的含量进行多角度分析比较和差异研究。结果表明,6种金柑果实的类黄酮中黄酮含量最高,黄烷酮次之;宁波罗纹、温州罗浮、融安金弹和长寿金柑的酚酸以芥子酸为主,金豆、金柑杂种则分别以阿魏酸、绿原酸为主;金柑杂种的生物碱以N-甲基酪胺为主,其他5种金柑则以酪胺为主;6种金柑中均检出了滨蒿内酯、欧前胡素、异橙皮内酯、橙皮内酯水合物和橙皮油素;聚类分析结果表明,宁波罗纹和融安金弹的次生代谢模式相近,温州罗浮、长寿金柑、金豆和金柑杂种之间差异较大。该研究是目前测定金柑果实中次生代谢产物的种类最多的研究,研究结果为金柑果实在食品、医药等领域的应用提供数据支持和科学依据。
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郭鹏妹
秦艳
赵希娟
焦必宁
关键词:  金柑  类黄酮  生物碱  类柠檬苦素  香豆素  酚酸  超高效液相色谱串联三重四极杆质谱法    
Abstract: Sixty-six secondary metabolites in six kumquat fruits were analyzed by a UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS method.Through statistical analysis and cluster analysis,the difference of thirty-one flavonoids,eight phenolic acids,three limonoids,five alkaloids and nineteen coumarins in kumquat fruits were analyzed from multiple perspectives.The results showed that the contents of flavones were the highest among flavonoids in six kumquat fruits,followed by flavanones.The main phenolic acids of Ningbo round kumquat (Fortunella japonica Swingle),Wenzhou nagami kumquat (Fortunella margarita (Lour.) Swingle),Rongan meiwa kumquat (Fortunella crassifolia Swingle) and Changshou kumquat (Fortunella obovata Tanaka) were sinapic acid.Ferulic acid and chlorogenic acid were the main phenolic acids in Jindou kumquat (Fortunella hindsii Swingle) and Jinganzazhong (Fortunella obovata Tanaka),respectively.N-methyltyramine was the main alkaloid in Jinganzazhong,while tyramine was the main alkaloid in the other kumquats.Scoparone,imperatorin,isomeranzin,meranzin hydrate and auraptene were detected in six kumquats.The results of cluster analysis showed that the secondary metabolism patterns of Ningbo round kumquat and Rongan meiwa kumquat were similar,while the difference among Wenzhou nagami kumquat,Changshou kumquat,Jindou kumquat and Jinganzazhong was relatively large.This study is currently the largest study on the number of secondary metabolites detected by the UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS method.The results also provide data support and scientific basis for the application of kumquats in food,medicine and other fields.
Key words:  kumquat    flavonoid    alkaloid    limonoid    coumarin    phenolic acid    UPLC-QqQ-MS/MS
收稿日期:  2021-01-13      修回日期:  2021-02-23           出版日期:  2021-05-15      发布日期:  2021-06-03      期的出版日期:  2021-05-15
基金资助: 国家重点研发计划课题(2019YFC1605604);国家现代农业(柑桔)产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-26);国家农产品质量安全风险评估重大专项(GJFP2019043)
作者简介:  硕士研究生(赵希娟副教授和焦必宁研究员为共同通讯作者,E-mail:xijuanzh@swu.edu.cn;jiaobining@cric.cn)
引用本文:    
郭鹏妹,秦艳,赵希娟,等. 金柑果实主要次生代谢产物含量及差异分析[J]. 食品与发酵工业, 2021, 47(9): 32-41.
GUO Pengmei,QIN Yan,ZHAO Xijuan,et al. Research on the contents and difference of the main secondary metabolites in different kumquat fruits[J]. Food and Fermentation Industries, 2021, 47(9): 32-41.
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http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.026734  或          http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/Y2021/V47/I9/32
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