Abstract: The explorations and application of imitation cheese are one of the hottest topics in the processing fields of dairy industry. The imitation cheese including cheese analogue,filled cheese and vegetable protein cheese were introduced. The techniques and applications in the functional properties of microstructure,rheology,texture and flavor were focused,and the effect factors and interaction between them were introduced. The review on the imitation cheese provided the useful information to promote the industrialization of imitation cheese. The imitation cheese has great development potential and bright future in the dairy industry.