Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of honeys produced by Apis dorsata and Apis laboriosa
CAO Lianfei 1, HE Chenghao 2, SUN Yujing2*
1(Institute of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine,Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Hangzhou,310021,China) 2(College of Food Science and Technology,Zhejiang University of Technology,Hangzhou,310014,China)
Abstract: The basic physicochemical indexes, contents of total phenolics and flavonoid and antioxidant activities were determined for 23 honey samples of Apis dorsata and Apis laboriosa from the main distribution areas of China, which could provide basic data for the quality evaluation of wild honey in China. The results showed that the moisture contents, fructose contents and glucose contents of the honey samples were 21%, 35% and 30% respectively. In addition, the sucrose contents of most of the honey samples were below 2% and the HMF contents of the honey samples were about 1 mg/kg. The diastase activities of half of the honey samples were ≥4 [mL/(g·h)]. The results also suggested that 92% of the honey samples of A. dorsata and A. laboriosa were in line with the national food safety standards of China and 52% in line with the industrial standards of China. The contents of total phenolics and total flavonoid were significantly different among honey samples. Compared with the A. dorsata honey from Malaysia and the common Apis cerana and Apis mellifera honey in China, the contents of total phenolics in the honey samples of A. dorsata and A. laboriosa from China were higher. However, the contents of total flavonoid were similar to that of common honey in China. The results of antioxidant activities showed that there were significant differences among honey samples, which had a certain correlation with the contents of total phenolics and total flavonoid. The differences in total phenolics contents, total flavonoid contents and antioxidant activities among the honey samples were possibly related to the distribution areas and botanical sources.
曹联飞,何程豪,孙玉敬. 大蜜蜂和黑大蜜蜂蜂蜜的理化指标及抗氧化活性分析[J]. 食品与发酵工业, 2021, 47(9): 262-267.
CAO Lianfei,HE Chenghao,SUN Yujing. Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of honeys produced by Apis dorsata and Apis laboriosa[J]. Food and Fermentation Industries, 2021, 47(9): 262-267.
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