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食品与发酵工业  2020, Vol. 46 Issue (22): 257-262    DOI: 10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.024614
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韩薇薇1,2*, 张潇寒3
3(天津科技大学 经济与管理学院,天津,300222)
Reriew:The biosafety analysis in food
HAN Weiwei1,2*, ZHANG Xiaohan3
1(Food Safety Strategy and Management Research Center of Tianjin University of Science and Technology,Tianjin 300222,China);
2(Graduate School of Tianjin University of Finance and Economics,Tianjin 300222,China);
3(School of Economics and Management,Tianjin University of Science and Technology,Tianjin 300222,China)
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摘要 现代生物技术在食品领域的发展在带来食物多样性和粮食安全保障的同时,也带来很多问题。食品安全与生物安全密不可分,除了以防范生命和健康风险为共同目标之外,两者的研究边界也趋向融合。同时,在新技术应用的影响下食品产业的发展同样为生物技术研究开拓新空间。越来越多的学者注意到了食品生物安全,该文对食品领域的各类生物安全问题研究进行了梳理与总结,并进行了研究状况的分析和展望,研究聚焦的新型食品评价、合成生物学时代的食品生物安全、食品安全生产的控制方法与"后院""村级"家禽的生物安全研究(非洲猪瘟、H5N1禽流感疫情中的养殖因素)、纳米颗粒技术带来的食品生物污染问题、食品生物实验室安全影响因素研究等前沿问题,这些问题已经或即将成为食品科学领域的研究新热点,为共同构筑我国国家安全体系提供科学理论。
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关键词:  食品安全  生物安全  现代生物技术  "后院"家禽  合成生物技术  食品实验室    
Abstract: The development of modern biotechnology not only puts forwards the progress of food diversity and food security,but also brings many problems.Food safety and biosafety are inseparable.In addition to the common goals of preventing life and health risks,their research boundaries are also be integrated.At the same time,under the background of application of new technology,the development of food industry also opens up new space for biotechnology research.In this paper,the research on various biosafety issues in food is reviewed and summarized,and the research status is analyzed and prospected,focusing on new food evaluation,food biosafety in the era of synthetic biology,control methods of food safety production and biosafety research of "backyard" and "village" poultry (breeding factors in African swine fever and H5N1 avian influenza epidemic),food biological pollution caused by nano particle technology,influencing factors of food biology research on laboratory safety and other cutting-edge issues.The above-mentioned issues have become or will become new hot spots in the field of food science,providing scientific theory for the construction of China's national safety system.
Key words:  food safety    biosafety    modern biotechnology    backyard poultry    synthetic biotechnology    food laboratory
收稿日期:  2020-06-01      修回日期:  2020-06-24           出版日期:  2020-11-25      发布日期:  2020-12-11      期的出版日期:  2020-11-25
基金资助: 全国教育科学"十三五"规划教育部重点课题(DIA160337);天津科技大学"新冠肺炎疫情的应对、治理及影响专项研究"(skxgzx13)
作者简介:  硕士,副教授(本文通讯作者,
韩薇薇,张潇寒. 食品领域的生物安全问题研究现状与展望[J]. 食品与发酵工业, 2020, 46(22): 257-262.
HAN Weiwei,ZHANG Xiaohan. Reriew:The biosafety analysis in food[J]. Food and Fermentation Industries, 2020, 46(22): 257-262.
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