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食品与发酵工业  2020, Vol. 46 Issue (11): 258-263    DOI: 10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.023399
  贮运与保鲜 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
百里香精油抗菌包装纸箱对草莓保鲜效果的影响
赵亚珠1*, 郝晓秀1, 孟婕1, 张然2, 刘光发2
1(天津职业大学 包装与印刷工程学院,天津,300410)
2(天津科技大学 轻工科学与工程学院,天津,300222)
Effect of antimicrobial packaging cartons coated with thyme essential oilon quality and shelf life of strawberries
ZHAO Yazhu1*, HAO Xiaoxiu1, MENG Jie1, ZHANG Ran2, LIU Guangfa2
1(College of Packaging and Printing Engineering, Tianjin Vocational Institute, Tianjin 300410, China)
2(College of Light Industry Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, Tianjin 300222, China)
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摘要 研究了3种不同厂家的百里香精油对灰霉、青霉、交链孢霉、根霉的抑菌效果,采用气相色谱-质谱联用仪分析其组成成分,并探讨百里香精油中不同成分对其抑菌效果的影响;将优选的百里香精油、大豆分离蛋白、吐温-80制成纳米乳液涂布于A楞纸板制备抗菌纸箱,在室温条件下[(26±2) ℃, 相对湿度(45±5)%]对草莓进行贮藏处理,通过考察不同精油浓度对草莓的感官质量、腐烂率、菌落总数、失重率、可溶性固形物等的影响来评价不同抗菌包装纸箱对草莓的保鲜效果。结果表明:1号、2号、3号百里香精油中百里香酚和香芹酚的峰面积之和的百分数分别为16.03%、27.09%、75.62%;3号百里香精油对4种供试霉菌的抑菌活性强于1号、2号精油;在室温条件下体积分数为4%的3号百里香精油抗菌纸箱可有效降低草莓的腐烂率和菌落总数,也有利于草莓保持较好的感官品质,与对照组相比可延长草莓货架寿命约1~2 d。
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赵亚珠
郝晓秀
孟婕
张然
刘光发
关键词:  百里香精油  气相色谱-质谱联用分析  抗菌包装纸箱  草莓  保鲜    
Abstract: In order to explore the antimicrobial activity of different components in thyme essential oils, three thyme essential oils were selected and analyzed by GC-MS, and their effects on Botrytis cinerea, Penicillium sp., Alternaria sp., and Rhizopus sp. were evaluated. Antimicrobial packaging cartons were prepared by A corrugated cardboard coated with nano-emulsion made of selected thyme essential oils, soy protein isolate, and Tween 80. The strawberries were stored in the cartons at (26±2) ℃, RH (45±5)%. The preservation effect was evaluated by examining the sensory quality, decay rate, total number of colonies, weight loss rate, and soluble solids of strawberries. The results showed that the total percentages of thymol and carvacrol in thyme essential oils were 16.03%, 27.09%, and 75.62% for samples No. 1, 2, and 3, respectively. The antimicrobial activity of No. 3 thyme essential oil against 4 tested molds was stronger than that of No. 1 and 2. At room temperature, the antimicrobial packaging cartons with No. 3 thyme essential oil at a volumn concentration of 4% significantly decreased the rot rate and the total number of colonies of strawberries, and also showed a positive effect on maintaining the sensory quality, which effectively extended the shelf life of the strawberries by approximately 1-2 d.
Key words:  thyme essential oil    GC-MS analysis    antimicrobial packaging cartons    strawberries    preservation
收稿日期:  2020-01-16                出版日期:  2020-06-15      发布日期:  2020-06-24      期的出版日期:  2020-06-15
基金资助: 天津职业大学科学研究基金(20171108);环保抗裂耐折型纸箱的研究及真题真做包装纸盒纸箱设计(60002-604066);天津职业大学骨干教师科研启动基金项目(GK2019JS01)
作者简介:  硕士,讲师(本文通讯作者,E-mail:411838665@qq.com)
引用本文:    
赵亚珠,郝晓秀,孟婕,等. 百里香精油抗菌包装纸箱对草莓保鲜效果的影响[J]. 食品与发酵工业, 2020, 46(11): 258-263.
ZHAO Yazhu,HAO Xiaoxiu,MENG Jie,et al. Effect of antimicrobial packaging cartons coated with thyme essential oilon quality and shelf life of strawberries[J]. Food and Fermentation Industries, 2020, 46(11): 258-263.
链接本文:  
http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.023399  或          http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/Y2020/V46/I11/258
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