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食品与发酵工业  2021, Vol. 47 Issue (6): 152-159    DOI: 10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.025538
  生产与科研应用 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
微环境气调对蓝果忍冬贮藏品质和抗氧化酶的影响
李江阔1,2, 高静3, 张鹏1,2, 霍俊伟3*
1(天津市农业科学院农产品保鲜与加工技术研究所,天津,300384)
2(国家农产品保鲜工程技术研究中心(天津),农业农村部农产品贮藏保鲜重点实验室,天津市农产品采后生理与贮藏保鲜重点实验室,天津,300384)
3(东北农业大学 园艺园林学院,寒地小浆果开发利用国家地方联合工程研究中心,黑龙江 哈尔滨,150030)
Micro-environmental modified atmosphere on storage quality and antioxidant enzymes of blue honeysuckle fruits
LI Jiangkuo1,2, GAO Jing3, ZHANG Peng1,2, HUO Junwei3*
1(Institute of Agricultural Products Preservation and Processing Technology, Tianjin Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Tianjin 300384, China)
2(Tianjin Key Laboratory of Postharvest Physiology and Storage of Agricultural Products, Key Laboratory of Storage of Agricultural Products, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, National Engineering and Technology Research Center for Preservation of Agricultural Products (Tianjin), Tianjin 300384, China)
3(School of Horticulture, Northeast Agricultural University, National-Local Joint Engineering Research Center for Development and Utilization of Small Fruits in Cold Regions, Harbin 150030, China)
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摘要 该文以蓝果忍冬品种“蓝精灵”为试材,研究微环境气调对蓝果忍冬在低温贮藏期间果实感官品质、生理指标、营养成分、抗氧化酶活性的影响。实验结果表明,与对照相比,mMA能够有效维持蓝果忍冬果实自身的感官品质和营养成分,到贮藏期末期(60 d)时,mMA处理后果实中的抗坏血酸、花色苷,黄酮、总酚含量分别为123.09 mg/100g、203.77 mg/100g、69.57 mg/100g和18.45 mg/g,分别为对照组的1.64、1.61、2.43和2.51倍。此外,mMA还能显著抑制果实自身呼吸强度的增强,维持果实的硬度水平。在抗氧化活性方面,mMA可以有效地延缓还原型谷胱甘肽(reduced glutathione,GSH)、氧化型谷胱甘肽(oxidized glutathione,GSSG)及总谷胱甘肽(glutathione,T-GSH)含量的降低,促进超氧化物歧化酶(superoxide dismutase,SOD)、谷胱甘肽还原酶(glutathione reductase,GR)活力的增加,并抑制丙二醛的产生。结果显示,mMA对蓝果忍冬果实在贮藏期的各项生理、贮藏品质及抗氧化酶活性都能够起到积极的作用,延长蓝果忍冬贮藏保鲜时间15~20 d。
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李江阔
高静
张鹏
霍俊伟
关键词:  蓝果忍冬  微环境气调  采后生理  贮藏品质  抗氧化酶    
Abstract: Using the blue honeysuckle fruits variety “Lanjingling” as the test material, the effects of the micro-environmental atmosphere on blue honeysuckle fruits sensory quality, physiological indicators, nutrients and antioxidant enzyme activities during low-temperature storage were studied. Compared with control, mMA can effectively maintain the sensory quality and nutritional of blue honeysuckle fruits. By the end of the storage period 60 days, the ascorbic acid, anthocyanin, flavonoids, and total phenol contents in the fruit after mMA treatment were 123.09 mg/100g, 203.77 mg/100g, 69.57 mg/100g and 18.45 mg/g, which were 1.64, 1.61, 2.43 and 2.51 times higher than the control group respectively. In addition, mMA can significantly inhibit the respiration rate and maintain the firmness of the fruits. In terms of antioxidant activity, mMA can effectively delay the decrease of reduced clutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and glutathione(T-GSH) activity, promote the increase of antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase(SOD) and glutathione reductase(GR) activity, and inhibit the production of malondialdehyde to maintain the antioxidant capacity of the fruits. The storage quality of blue honeysuckle fruits was significantly affected by mMA, prolonged the storage time 15-20 days.
Key words:  blue honeysuckle fruits    micro-environmental modified atmosphere(mMA)    postharvest physiology    storage quality    antioxidant enzymes
收稿日期:  2020-08-31      修回日期:  2020-09-30           出版日期:  2021-03-25      发布日期:  2021-04-15      期的出版日期:  2021-03-25
基金资助: 国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFD0401303;2016YFC500304-05);天津市农业科学院青年创新项目(2019009)
作者简介:  博士,研究员(霍俊伟教授为通讯作者,E-mail:huojunwei@neau.edu.cn)
引用本文:    
李江阔,高静,张鹏,等. 微环境气调对蓝果忍冬贮藏品质和抗氧化酶的影响[J]. 食品与发酵工业, 2021, 47(6): 152-159.
LI Jiangkuo,GAO Jing,ZHANG Peng,et al. Micro-environmental modified atmosphere on storage quality and antioxidant enzymes of blue honeysuckle fruits[J]. Food and Fermentation Industries, 2021, 47(6): 152-159.
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http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.025538  或          http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/Y2021/V47/I6/152
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