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食品与发酵工业  2021, Vol. 47 Issue (8): 145-151    DOI: 10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.025753
  生产与科研应用 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
浓香型大曲中降解生物胺菌株的筛选及应用
曾玉雪1, 罗惠波1, 3, 余东2, 黄丹1, 3, 郭辉祥2, 邹永芳2*
1(四川轻化工大学 生物工程学院,四川 宜宾,644000)
2(舍得酒业股份有限公司, 中国生态酿酒产业技术研究院,四川 遂宁,629200)
3(酿酒生物技术及应用四川省重点实验室,四川 宜宾,644000)
Screening and application of biogenic amines degrading strain derived from Luzhou-flavor Daqu
ZENG Yuxue1, LUO Huibo1,3, YU Dong2, HUANG Dan1,3, GUO Huixiang2, ZOU Yongfang2*
1(College of Bioengineering,Sichuan University of Science & Engineering,Yibin 644000,China)
2(China Ecological Brewing Industry Technology Research Institute,Shede Winery Co., Ltd.,Suining 629200,China)
3(Liquor Making Bio-Technology & Application of Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province,Yibin 644000,China)
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摘要 从浓香型白酒大曲中筛选出生物胺降解菌,并研究其生长特性和在固态发酵条件下降解生物胺的能力。利用高效液相色谱法测定发酵液中生物胺含量,得到1株降解生物胺效果最好的酵母菌,经形态学和分子生物学鉴定其为奥默柯达酵母,将其命名为Kodamaea ohmeri HJM。研究K.ohmer HJM的生长特性,得到其最高耐受温度为43 ℃,乙醇最高耐受体积分数为14%,耐受酸最低为pH 2,并具有较高的葡萄糖耐受性。在固态发酵条件下,利用小麦为发酵基质得到接种菌液样品组和空白对照组中生物胺含量具有显著差异(P<0.05),其对几种生物胺的降解率分别为:腐胺(39.19±0.08)%、尸胺(33.77±0.06)%、甲胺(32.44±0.06)%、乙胺(23.39±0.06)%、吡咯烷(63.42±0.02)%、异戊胺(49.83±0.07)%、环己胺(49.73±0.03)%、环戊胺(66.07±0.08)%。该研究从浓香型大曲中分离出对生物胺降解率较高的菌株,可为白酒中生物胺的调控提供参考价值。
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曾玉雪
罗惠波
余东
黄丹
郭辉祥
邹永芳
关键词:  浓香型大曲  生物胺降解  奥默柯达酵母  高效液相色谱    
Abstract: Biogenic amines degrading strains were screened from Luzhou-flavor liquor Daqu, and their growth characteristics and ability to degrade biogenic amines under solid-state fermentation conditions were studied. The content of biogenic amines in wheat extract was determined by high performance liquid chromatography, and a yeast strain with the best degradation effect was obtained. It was identified as Kodamaea ohmeri by morphology and molecular biology, and named Kodamaea ohmeri HJM. The growth characteristics of K. ohmeri HJM were studied. The highest tolerance temperature was 43 ℃, the highest ethanol tolerance concentration was 14%, the lowest acid tolerance was pH 2, and it exhibited high glucose tolerance. Under the condition of solid-state fermentation, there was significant difference in biogenic amines content between the inoculated liquid and the blank control group (P< 0.05). The degradation rates of biogenic amines were: putrescine (39.19±0.08)%, cadaverine (33.77±0.06)%, methylamine (32.44±0.06)%, ethylamine (23.39±0.06)%, pyrrolidine (63.42±0.02)%, isoamylamine (49.83 ± 0.07)%, cyclohexylamine (49.73±0.03)%, cyclopentamine (66.07±0.08)%. In this study, strains with high biodegradation rate of biogenic amines were isolated from Luzhou-flavor Daqu, which could provide reference for the regulation of biogenic amines in Baijiu.
Key words:  Luzhou-flavor Daqu    biogenic amines-degrading    Kodamaea ohmeri    HPLC
               出版日期:  2021-04-25      发布日期:  2021-05-20      期的出版日期:  2021-04-25
基金资助: 中国轻工业浓香型白酒固态发酵重点实验室开放基金(2019JJ016);四川省科技厅重点研发项目(2019YFS0518)
作者简介:  硕士研究生(邹永芳高级酿酒师为通讯作者,E-mail:470345058@qq.com)
引用本文:    
曾玉雪,罗惠波,余东,等. 浓香型大曲中降解生物胺菌株的筛选及应用[J]. 食品与发酵工业, 2021, 47(8): 145-151.
ZENG Yuxue,LUO Huibo,YU Dong,et al. Screening and application of biogenic amines degrading strain derived from Luzhou-flavor Daqu[J]. Food and Fermentation Industries, 2021, 47(8): 145-151.
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http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.025753  或          http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/Y2021/V47/I8/145
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