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食品与发酵工业  2022, Vol. 48 Issue (20): 152-160    DOI: 10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.029135
  研究报告 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
1-甲基环丙烯处理并冷藏后模拟运输对玛瑙红樱桃货架品质的影响
吉宁1, 张妮1, 陶秋运2, 曹森1, 巴良杰1, 王瑞1*
1(贵阳学院 食品与制药工程学院/贵州省果品加工技术研究中心,贵州 贵阳,550005)
2(贵州多彩田园农业开发有限公司,贵州 开阳,550300)
Effect of simulated transportation with the treatment of 1-methylcyclopropene
JI Ning1, ZHANG Ni1, TAO Qiuyun2, CAO Sen1, BA Liangjie1, WANG Rui1*
1(School of Food and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Guiyang College/Guizhou Engineering Research Center for Fruit Processing, Guiyang 550005, China)
2(Guizhou colorful Tianyuan Agricultural Development Company with Limited Liability, Kaiyang 550300, China)
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摘要 为探索经不同初始添加量1-甲基环丙烯(1-methylcyclopropene,1-MCP)处理并冷藏后模拟运输对玛瑙红樱桃货架期品质的影响,以玛瑙红樱桃鲜果为试材,将其经不同初始添加量1-MCP熏蒸2 h[0.5、1.5 μL/L,环境温度(25±2) ℃]后转移到(1±0.5) ℃库内贮藏7 d。出库后使用泡沫箱包装,放入生物冰袋,于35 ℃下以100 km/h的振摇速度模拟运输,并分别于24、48 h后开箱,放于4 ℃冷藏柜内进行货架实验,每2 d测定1次相关指标,总货架时间6 d。结果表明,随着模拟运输时间的延长,箱内温度逐渐升高,1.5 μL/L添加量的1-MCP处理后模拟运输48 h,在货架2、4 d时能维持较低的腐烂率(分别为8.61%和8.94%),相比于对照组,1-MCP处理能降低果实的呼吸速率,减少果实货架期的腐烂率,延缓货架期间果实硬度、可滴定酸含量、果柄叶绿素含量的下降,其中,初始添加量为1.5 μL/L的1-MCP处理后模拟运输48 h,果实货架期综合品质表现最好。
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吉宁
张妮
陶秋运
曹森
巴良杰
王瑞
关键词:  玛瑙红樱桃  1-甲基环丙烯  模拟运输  货架  品质    
Abstract: To explore the effect of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) on the shelf-life quality of agate red cherry, fresh fruit of agate red cherry was used as test material for the treatment and refrigeration. They were fumigated with 1-MCP at different initial addition for 2 h [0.5, 1.5 μL/L, ambient temperature (25±2) ℃] and then transferred to (1±0.5) ℃ storage for 7 d. Upon the ex-warehouse, they were packed in foam boxes and put into biological ice bags, which were simulated to transport at 35 ℃ and shake at a speed of 100 km/h. Afterwards, opened the box for 24 h and 48 h respectively, and conducted the shelf experiment in the refrigerated cabinet of 4 ℃. Relevant indicators were measured every 2 d and the total shelf life was 6 d. The results showed that the longer the simulated transportation, the gradually higher the temperature in the box. After the treatment of 1-MCP at the concentration of 1.5 μL/L, the simulated transportation could reach 48 h and maintained a lower rate of rot on the goods shelf for 2 d and 4 d (8.61% and 8.94% respectively). Compared to the contrast group, the treatment of 1-MCP could diminish the breathing rate of fruits, decrease the rot rate of fruits and postpone the fruit hardness during the shelf life, and lower the content of titrable acids and fruit stalk chlorophyll. Among them, 1-MCP with an initial addition level of 1.5 μL/L showed the best comprehensive fruit quality during shelf life after simulated transportation for 48 h.
Key words:  agate red cherry    1-methylcyclopropene    simulated transportation    shelf-life    quality
收稿日期:  2021-08-24      修回日期:  2021-10-12           出版日期:  2022-10-25      发布日期:  2022-11-18      期的出版日期:  2022-10-25
基金资助: 贵州省优秀青年科技人才计划(黔科合平台人才[2019]5644);贵阳市科技计划项目(筑科合同[2021]3-21号);贵阳市财政支持贵阳学院学科建设与研究生教育项目(2021-xk14)
作者简介:  硕士,副教授(王瑞教授为通信作者,E-mail:wangrui060729@126.com)
引用本文:    
吉宁,张妮,陶秋运,等. 1-甲基环丙烯处理并冷藏后模拟运输对玛瑙红樱桃货架品质的影响[J]. 食品与发酵工业, 2022, 48(20): 152-160.
吉宁,张妮,陶秋运,et al. Effect of simulated transportation with the treatment of 1-methylcyclopropene[J]. Food and Fermentation Industries, 2022, 48(20): 152-160.
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http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/10.13995/j.cnki.11-1802/ts.029135  或          http://sf1970.cnif.cn/CN/Y2022/V48/I20/152
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